Major advancements made in the field of technology and in the manufacture of brand new materials have taken smart designs to an advanced level.
People have always made the best efforts towards finding a shelter that they can call their home between walls and under a roof. Apparently, because of the major advancements made in the field of stability and height owing to flashiness and computer designs, building have never failed to serve the function that they are made for. Nevertheless, studies carried out on this subject have come up with the fact that a sort of architectural revolution is all set to occur shortly. This is mainly because of the fact that there are multiple disciplines coordinating for the purpose of constructing “smart” and “intelligent” buildings.
An architect and the founder of Smart Buildings, Jim Sinopoli, says, “It is important for building owners at present to make the effective use of advanced technology that was actually not available five years ago. The use of this technology will help in modifying the way people look at structures. Nevertheless, the main question here is how will the design engineers and architects respond. Coming up with smart buildings might be a troublesome procedure but it is something that cannot be avoided.
Without doubt, while green and intelligent structures are required to come along on one definition- the entire procedure involves making effective usage of advanced technology for the improvisation of communications and also for the control and the maximization of performance and efficiency.
One country with its very own annual Smart Home and Intelligent Building Expo is China at present. Perhaps, much like the various other elements of our environment- starting from our home interiors and automobiles to the personal equipment that we use, are quickly getting more intuitive and automated. Therefore, can the same thing be expected from buildings, starting from their operational procedure to the process used for their construction? And, very similar to the case of our technologically advanced vehicles and equipment, it comes in the form of a very simple response to the ever-growing complications of structures, such that, as Sinopoli puts down, “Almost each and every aspect of the construction procedure of smart buildings is now incorporating Information Technology.”
The human element comes in the form of one of the most significant factors resulting in the craze for innovation and improvement. While smart architecture and construction involves making structures cheaper and greener, it is quite essential to specifically identify the fact that smart architecture is also about coming up with better buildings in regards to lighting, ventilation, space and safety for all occupants.
For instance, buildings that tend to be smart will have gas lines closed down and will inform the occupants regarding earthquakes and computer shut offs. The Edge, new executive headquarters of Amsterdam –based Deloitte, boasts of approximately 28, 000 sensors with the ability of micromanaging temperature, humidity and light simply to serve the purpose of making all the employees have the feeling of working outside on a pleasurable day.
To be further noted is the fact that the inclusion of neuroscience into this blend is a major step taken with the intention of having a clear understanding of the reaction that the human brain has to certain atmospheres. The feedback of this understanding is further used for the craving of the building design. Studies have proved the fact that visual access of the natural panorama of light and sky along with trees and landscapes can help in improving the functionality of human brains. It is also to be noted that positive feelings were also measured in the form of a clear response to the curves found on straight lines.
“Little things like the colours of the walls, the acoustics and the lights have a greatest effect on quality of life within a structure. It is important for smart buildings to assist individuals in feeling much better in case they are hospitals; in being more creative if they happen to be office spaces and in learning more if they operate as schools. One thing that can surely be expected is that just like the smart phones that we use in these present times, even buildings will get smarter with time. Nevertheless, people need to take buildings as something above just being considered a box”.
Recently, there have been some major advancements made in the field of technology. For instance, there is this wide usage of analytic systems that make way for constant data mining through wireless sensor systems. These systems not only help in getting hold of mistakes but they also aid in coming up with the faults that must be immediately fixed- easing their purpose while reducing the energy wastage and operational costs. There is also a clear insight offered about the actual energy usage and expenditures. Therefore, the owners of buildings would no longer have to wait for their bills.
Recently, the exteriors of buildings have also found the major use of technology with the large scale development of “smart facades”. A chemical unit named Alco is into designing tiles that are made using titanium dioxide. The tiles are specifically designed for carrying out tasks like filtering the environmental air and destroying contaminants. Bloom is a sort of thermal bi-metal shade that curls up at certain levels of heat thus helping increased air to pass through it very easily. With a cool down in temperature, the system also closes down. One of the pioneers of building engineering, namely Arup, is a company that is examining a façade impregnated with the use of large number of algae plants in small sizes that are best known for their absorption of sunlight that can further be used for water heating work. Further, the heated water can effectively be harvested and used for construction purpose.
Ideal combinations of varied technologies and materials have also pushed the idea of smarter structures in the near future- especially for office blocks and specialties followed by the housing entities. Take for example; photovoltaic cells can conveniently be embedded into superior quality glass without having any effect on their clearness. A noteworthy point is that these cells can also be used with concrete. A clear-cut advantage of making use of these cells is in the construction of structures that have the capacity of generating their very own power without losses through transmission.
Several nano materials and elements that are no longer found in shape-shifting buildings will soon come up with the benefits of being super light and super strong which will further make way for more transparent and thinner facades possessing the capacity of rewriting our concept of exterior and interior separation. Different varieties of nano composite steel tend to be stronger than traditional steel and they can easily be availed across the market. Nano-based glass and smog-eating concrete come with self-cleaning capacity and these can also be easily found across the market.
The smart building concept is being accepted slowly but it is also being found that designers are completely satisfied that they have full evidence of the value of such structures. They are of the view that this evidence will bring more demand for the smart building technology. In India, In Out Green Interiors are offering their services in this field and are also offering solutions that are energy sustainable for corporate and residential undertakings. Delhi Smart Cities which is a major initiative that comes in the direction of offering affordable homes to people who have this keen interest in buying homes, shall improve life quality by offering environmentally-friendly abodes across New Delhi available at varied prices.