Vision-2021- The main guiding principle behind the structure, formulation and implementation or forthcoming rollout of the Master Plan Delhi 2021 is making “Delhi a superior quality city and universal metropolis” where individual resources shall have the right infrastructure and environment for conducting themselves in efficient work with improved life quality, residing in a sustainable atmosphere. Amongst all other things, this will, necessitate proper action and planning for meeting the difficult of ever-increasing population along with in-migration into the national capital; the availability of sufficient housing, specifically for the weaker sections of the society; solving the issues faced by the small businesses, specifically the ones in the informal or unorganized sector; handling the problems faced in slums, upgrading dilapidated and old regions of the city; offering sufficient infrastructure services; conserving the environment; preserving the heritage of Delhi and combining it with brand new and sophisticated modernistic patterns of growth; and carrying out all these activities within the structure of private-public and community involvement, sustainable development and an ownership spirit along with the sense of belonging among people.
After India’s independence, the procedure of strategic development of Delhi began with the introduction of the Delhi Development Act in the year 1957. This was followed by the evolution of the Delhi Master Plan in the year 1962 (MPD-62).
MPD-62 put forward a very broad objective for the micro and macro level growth of the national capital; with the view of realizing the growth agenda, in perfect line with the objective of Delhi’s development. A complete development by way of large scale land acquisition and resource development also came into being. Due to the fact that it was just an early stage of the development of the economy of India, majority of the development was imagined to be public sector driven & led. There was never a conceptualization of development that could be made by way of the private sector. During that early phase, the procedure of strategic growth had a meager role to play in the private sector both in infrastructure and housing. However, in these present times, there is this impending requirement for the PPP development model.
Delhi Master Plan 2001 or MPD-2001 takes all the above scenarios into account and tries evolving and developing a more comprehensive development model, both in the infrastructural and housing sectors. The zonal policies, the layout policies and the land use policies reflect this particular thought procedure.
The fairly sketched and skewed development of the national capital over the last few years can majorly be attributed to the population growth to around 138 lakhs which is against the proposed growth of around 128 lakhs, by way of MPD 2001. The population growth factor was not taken into account for shelter and for the suffocation of resources of facilities and infrastructure.
A few of the above mentioned problems were raised and even considered when framing the policy guidelines of Master Plan Delhi 2021 and they are as follows:
The difficulties of the trend of unplanned development of unauthentic jhuggi clusters and colonies were also factored in. It was realized that the reality needs to be handles with present manifestation and in terms of future proliferation and growth.
The extensive increase of vehicles in the national capital was yet another area of concern accounted for, along with problems like pollution, travel safety, pollution and congestion. Proper thought was also afforded to these issues.
The facet of densification and redevelopment of the already existing urban regions of the national capital is a significant element of the New Master Plan Delhi.
A democratic and fair procedure is quite understood to have been used in drafting the guiding principles of the Master Plan Delhi 2021 (MPD-2021). Detailed consultations and discussions were also understood to have been carried out with private and public officials, the government, public sector units, local bodies, non-profit organizations, resident welfare agencies and professional groups and bodies.
The Ministry of Urban Development, in the year 2003, came forward with the guidelines which activated the thought procedure for the preparation of Master Plan Delhi 2021. It laid emphasis on the growing requirement of exploring different alternative procedures of private sector involvement, land assembly and proper land development and use standards. Reports of earlier evaluations carried out by teams of expert professionals from different important sectors such as demography, housing, environment conservation, infrastructure, industry-commerce and trade and transportation were also taken into account.
A number of seminars were conducted wherein the involvement of representatives, NGOs, trade bodies and local bodies was motivated.
Multiple presentations were prepared by the Delhi Development Authority in regards to drafting Delhi Master Plan to stakeholders which included different committees and policy makers. Interest groups such as chartered accountants, industry representatives, traders, lawyers, welfare associations and residents also made proper representations and these were duly considered for the draft plan of the Master Plan Delhi 2021.
Draft Master Plan notification was out in place for welcoming public suggestions and objections by way of Gazette Notification in the month of March in 2005. Even notices were duly published in the newspapers in the month of April in 2005.
Responses in the form of suggestions and objections to the draft master plan were received on a humongous scale. (calculated at approximately 7000 numbers)
The enquiry board met on several occasions for according proper attention to all the objections and in several cases also made personal hearings for the objections and the suggestions.
The edited and revised Delhi Master Plan went through reviews several times between the years 2006 and 2007, prior to being passed on to the Ministry of Urban Development, for due consideration along with approval.
Post due consideration of different factors, the plan was finally accorded in its present form.